SCIENCE AND INFORMATION THEORY SECOND EDITION LEON BRILLOUIN
Decision theory - Wikipedia
Decision theory (or the theory of choice not to be confused with choice theory) is the study of an agent's choices. Decision theory can be broken into two branches: normative decision theory, which analyzes the outcomes of decisions or determines the optimal decisions given constraints and assumptions, and descriptive decision theory, which analyzes how agents actually make the
Historical materialism - Wikipedia
Historical materialism, also known as the materialist conception of history, is a methodology used by scientific socialist and Marxist historiographers that focuses on human societies and their development through history, arguing that history is the result of material conditions rather than ideals was first articulated by Karl Marx (1818–1883) as the "materialist conception of history".